The most northern city of Russia is Pevek, located in Chukotka, on the shore of the strait, connected with the East Siberian Sea. The settlement is known for its gold mining enterprises, it has a large seaport, where ships navigating along the Northern Sea Route come.
Sea transportation to Pevek is often carried out from Anadyr, cargoes can be delivered there by road or railway. The settlement itself originated in the 1930s, like many other northern settlements, during the development of the Arctic by the Soviet Union. Pevek soon acquired a great regional importance: there is the Chaun Bay, which is a natural convenient harbor for ships, tin and gold were extracted here.
Almost a hundred years ago the first cargo transportation to Pevek by sea started in Chukotka. The Northern Sea Route was replenished with one more port and gradually expanded, turning from a small mining village into a full-fledged city in the late sixties. Until that time, Soviet labor camps were located here. Now the city has a number of gold mining enterprises that are developing several fields. In addition, there are meat and dairy plants, a thermal power station, a geological base. Logistics to Pevek includes the receipt of cargo, for example, in Arkhangelsk or Murmansk and its delivery to the largest Chukchi port. We use the ice fleet, which can pass through any water. Usually all cargoes are delivered during the summer navigation, from the end of May to the end of October, but with icebreaker support it is also possible in winter.
In the 1970s, the city entered the top 100 in Russia, but in the 1990s the number of people reduced by more than twice — tin mines closed and unemployment developed. However, despite the decline in the standard of living, by the beginning of the 21st century, the city has gradually recovered and now the port is of federal importance. Delivery to Pevek, the northernmost Russian seaport, is carried out from any Arctic, as well Asian and European ports.
The local port is distinguished by the fact that for the first time four concrete berths with a total length of 500 m were built in the Far North. There was even a repair garage, a large number of portal cranes. Sea transportation to Pevek was very important — there was a transshipment base for cargoes traveling to Kolyma. The flow of cargo passing through the port was so great that it was awarded an honorary order.
The mining industry in the 1990s closed and the turnover of goods decreased a lot. Nevertheless, the seaport of Pevek retained its importance not only at the regional level. Now it is planned to improve and rebuild it for receiving bulk cargoes (Yakut coal) and transportation from Pevek to China by sea. The port, as its owners suppose, should increase its capacity to 500 thousand tons per year. To do this, a portal crane with a height of 50 m has already been installed, capable of lifting up to 40 tons.
The trading port will be able to receive ships with draft up to 18 m, it will also have customs control, border guards and Emergencies Ministry. Now ships with the draft of up to 13 m and the length of up to 177 m can be anchored in the port. This allows to carry heavy and oversized cargo. Sometimes sea transport reaches Pevek even without icebreaker support.
All general cargoes can be handled in the port around the clock, without days off. The delivery time from Murmansk to Pevek is 10 days.